Qur'an. It is the Book from God, the best of all recitals He hath sent, a
missive from on high:
A blessed book have we sent down to thee, that men may meditate its verses,
and that those endued with understanding may bear it in mind. Sura Sad (xxxviii)
Muhammad is bidden not to grieve at the hardness of heart of his hearers and
is assured that his message is divine. These are the signs of the lucid Book:
Haply thou wearest thyself away with grief because they will not believe.
Were it our will we could send down to them a sign from Heaven, before which
they would humbly bow.
But from each fresh warning that cometh to them from the God of mercy they
have only turned aside,
And treated it as a lie. Sura Ash-Shu'ara' (xxvi) 2-S.
In the one hundred and ninety-second and following verses of this Sura there
is a very strong assertion of the fact that Gabriel brought the Book down from
heaven: but, as there is a reference to the Jews, this passage is considered by
Jalalu'd-Din as-Syuti to belong to the Madina period and so I do not quote it
here. In other parts of this Sura, five of the older prophets are represented as
saying 'Fear God and obey me;' and the conclusion drawn is that in like manner
the Quraish should obey Muhammad, or suffer for their disobedience; and if they
disobeyed him then he could, in the name of God, say,
I will not be answerable for your doings. 216.
The fragmentary nature of the revelations was useful, as it enabled the
Prophet to meet with a