THE MADINA PERIOD
IN the year A.D. 622, probably in the month of June, Muhammad made his public
entry into Madina, 1 accompanied by about one hundred and fifty
persons. The people were willing to receive him though they were not at one as
regards his claim to be a prophet. Owing to their clannish spirit and the tribal
feuds existing among them, Muhammad wisely held himself aloof from all their
parties and selected, under divine guidance it is said, an isolated neutral spot
for his future abode. 2 He also soon erected a mosque in this same
place, which thus became the centre of Islam and from which proceeded in due
course many political and military orders.
The Muslim community was made up of two parts, one consisted of the
Immigrants from Mecca, called the Muhajirun ; the other of the first Madina
converts, who were called the Ansar or Helpers.
The Muhajirun are said to be referred to in Sura An-Nahl (xvi)3,
As to those who when oppressed have fled their country for the sake of God,
we will surely provide them