converts to Islam, or Muslims in general: that the 'clear proof' is the Qur'an or
Muhammad, or the true religion; that the 'witness' is Muhammad or 'Ali or Abu Bakr, or
the Qur'an or Gabriel, who came from Him (God) and recited the Qur'an to Muhammad. In this
case 'Him' means God and not Muhammad.1
In Sura al-Muminun (xxiii) 39, 'There is no life beyond our present life; we die and
we live and we shall not be quickened again.' The Shi'ahs say that the order must be
inverted'we live and we die.' 2
(iii) Verses defective in respect of their order.
Sura al-Baqara (ii) 58: 'He (Moses) said, "What, will ye exchange that which is
worse for what is better? Get ye down into Egypt, for ye shall have what ye asked."'
It is said that in the correct and true Qur'an these words were immediately followed by
others, now found in Sura al-Ma'ida (v) 23: 'They said, "O Moses! Therein are men
of might and verily we can by no means enter in until they be gone forth."'
In Sura al-Furqan (xxv) 6 the opponents of Muhammad say of the Qur'an, 'Tales of the
Ancients hath he put in writing and they were dictated to him morning and evening.' It is
said that in the original Qur'an these words were followed by a passage now found in Sura
al-'Ankabut (xxix) 47, in which God says to Muhammad, 'Thou didst not recite any book
(of revelation) before it; with that right hand of thine thou didst not transcribe one.'
But the most serious charge of all is that of the omission of a whole Sura, called the
Sura an-Nurain, or 'Two Lights,' by which Muhammad and 'Ali are meant. It is as
'In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.
'O ye who believe, believe in the two lights we have sent down, who have recited our
signs and warned you of the punishments of the Last Day. These two lights (proceed) the
one from the other.3 Truly, I am the Hearer, the Knower.